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Pyramidal Tombs at Syrian Forgotten Cities

Pyramidal Tombs at Syrian Forgotten Cities

(DP-News-Sana)

Damascus- Dead cities were built on low height mountains in the provinces of Aleppo, Idleb and Hama governorates and called by the archeologists as "The Desolate Cities, or the Forgotten Cities", Tishreen daily said Saturday.

The daily added that those cities are distinguished by unique characteristics, attracted the attention of a number of archeologists and international organizations including the UNESCO which works now on preparing a file to register those archeological sites on the World Heritage List.

The forgotten cities in north Syria constitute an important milestone in Syria's history, architecture and spirituality between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D.



The Syrian forgotten cities were built according to one architecture style called by archeologists the "Syrian Architecture Art" to distinguish it from the Greek and Roman Classical Architecture Art.

They are distinguished by a beautiful, unique and incomparable style of ornamentation from the inside and the outside, which reflects the development of mosaic art from the classical style which had adopted the pagan myths to the religious style, particularly the Christian style with its simplicity and care for spiritual beauty and reliance on spiritual symbols and the plant and animal ornamentations leading to the Islamic mosaic art.

The area located in north Syria is characterized by its white limestone; therefore it is called "The Cities of the Lime Bloc".

They stretch from the north to the south by 140 km long from Korsh "al-Nabi Houri", Apamea with 20 to 40 km.

The area is divided into three parts: the northern part includes Samaan Mount. The central part includes Barisha, the Highest, al-Dowilah and al-Wastani Mounts, and the southern part includes al-Zawiya Mount.

The pyramidal tombs of those cities are still seen in the lime basin area of Idleb and Orontes River. The forgotten cities contain tombs like Serjillah, Qalb Louza, Barisha, al-Bara, Sarmada and ad-Dana. These tombs date back to the Aramaic and Amouri Eras.

Those tombs are available along the Syrian coast in Amrit and date back to the Phoenician Era and in Apamea and in southern Syria in Bosra, al-Lajat and Qanawat, which were built by Nabataeans.

The only region in Syria which doesn't contain these tombs is Palmyra. The pyramidal tomb is a cylindrical tower that lies on a cubical base.

The upper view of the tomb is pyramidal-shaped and the bottom of the building consists of two rooms: the first with grooves where the sarcophagi arrive and the second one is designed to bury the person who built the tomb.

The height of the pyramidal tombs reached 15 to 20 meters according to the social status and rank of the person. The UNESCO nominated Mari and the Forgotten Cities as the World Archeological Milestones within the World Archeological Cities and will list their names on the World Heritage List.

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