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Historical Treasure in South of Syria

Historical Treasure in South of Syria

(H Zain | Dp-News- Global Arab Network ) Daara- Syria is the cradle of civilizations and cultures as it has always been a gateway to history through its unique cultural and religious diversity.
Daraa City, 100 Kms to the south of Damascus, embraces the most ancient home for man in Horan Plain, particularly Daraa al-Balad or what is known as the 'Ancient City'.

The current estimations showed that the City's archaeological monuments date back to the Stone and Bronze Ages as it was mentioned in the letters of Tal al-Amarena.

Daraaa was one of the Decapolis Alliance's ten member cities.
The flint-made tools unearthed in the 5th decade of the 20th century proved that the Ancient Stone Age existed in the area while the archeological discoveries in the 3rd millennium indicated that there were settlements in the city dating back to the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age).

Archeologist Yaser Abu Nokta said Daraa is one of the most important Syrian cities as it encompasses several edifices dating back to different ages, adding that the city has always been inhabited throughout history.

Abu Nokta indicated that Daraa is known as the 'City of Tunnels' or the 'Lower City' as it includes a unique ground city built of a number of tunnels and vestibules, adding that it was visited by a number of foreign researchers in the 19th century.

The architectural style of the City shows man's ability to adapt with the nature of the area through benefiting from the smooth lime stones in establishing the ground city which contains holes for ventilation and lightening.

Daraa was a very important center during the Classical, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Eras as it used to be an integrated city embracing a theater, bathhouses, temple, pond and paved roads, in addition to commercial shops which still exist nowadays.

Daraa National Museum encompasses several clay potteries and mosaic paintings stressing that Daraa was one of the Decapolis' Cities.

Daraa played a significant role in the region through its commercial and political relations with the neighboring cities as it has been famous for its wine and wheat which used to be exported to Rome.

The Grand Omari Mosque located in Daraa indicated that the prosperity of the City continued in the Islamic Era.
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